17 tried and tested home remedies for mouth ulcers

17 tried and tested home remedies for mouth ulcers

Have you ever felt the pain of a mouth ulcer? It makes you quite uncomfortable to speak or eat anything as they are painful. It occurs on lips, tongue, cheek, and gums. Mouth ulcers are also called canker sores.

All types of ulcers are not the same. There are 3 different types of ulcers. 

Minor ulcers 

These ulcers are small, oval, or round, usually 2-8mm in diameter. These are the most common types of ulcers. They don’t leave any scars after healing. They usually cause less pain.

Major ulcers 

They are larger and greater in diameter when compared to minor ulcers. They penetrate deeper into the tissues than minor ulcers. Usually, major ulcers take more time to heal. A scar remains after they heal. They are irregular in shape.

Herpetiform ulcers 

They have a similar resemblance to sores that occur in herpes. So they are called herpetiform ulcers. They are pinpoint in size. A group of ulcers occurs at the same time and merges into large ones.

Mouth ulcers are most common with an underlying cause. Here are a few causes of mouth ulcers.

Stress 

Cortisol is a stress hormone that elevates during stress. Ulcer onset has been related to increasing salivary cortisol levels. A cheek bite or a tongue bite can also cause ulcers in your mouth.

Stopped smoking

Anti-bacterial properties of saliva are lost during smoking. So it causes mouth ulcers after 2 weeks of quitting smoking. These ulcers are quite temporary and heal after a few weeks. Your body deals with all the chemical changes after you quit smoking.

Improper fillings

Overhanging and sharp restorations cause injury to the tooth that leads to ulcerations. Some people are allergic to metallic restorations. When those restorations contact your skin, they might cause inflammation and painful ulcers.

Acidic fruits

Acidic fruits can irritate your oral mucosa and lead to ulceration. It stresses the oral tissue that can turn into ulcerations.

Braces

Initially, it takes adjusting with braces. Friction would be created in the mouth between ulcers and oral mucous tissues. This friction turns to ulceration. Loosened bands and broken wires can also cause painful sores.

Vitamin deficiency

Deficiency in vitamin B12, iron, and folate cause ulcers in the mouth. It causes abnormal production of red blood cells that are not efficient in function. Its deficiency causes mouth ulcers. It also inflates your tongue.

Sodium lauryl sulfate

Sodium lauryl sulfate is a common ingredient in mouthwashes and toothpaste. It produces lather while rinsing and brushing your teeth. It can irritate and inflame your oral tissues. It removes the protective layers of the oral mucosa. In this way, it causes mouth ulcers.

Trauma

Using hard bristles for brushing your teeth, forceful brushing, accidental biting, and any dental work can cause ulcerations.

Hormonal imbalances during menstruation

Premenstrual stress can cause mouth ulcers. Some women also suffer from swollen and bleeding gums. These are due to hormonal changes during their periods.

Here are some tried and tested home remedies for mouth ulcers.

1. Salt and Water

saltwater rinse home remedies of mouth ulcers

Saltwater elevates the PH in your mouth. It turns your oral environment alkaline. Bacteria need an acidic environment to grow. Saltwater decreases the growth of bacteria and improves the healing of your ulcer. 

Saltwater rinse also reduces the inflammation in the oral cavity. This rinse avoids the plaque build-up that keeps your oral cavity clean. It helps to get rid of post-extraction pain as well.

Ingredients you need –

  • 1 teaspoon of salt
  • ½ cup of water

What you have to do –

  • Add the water to a pan and warm it up for 2 minutes.
  • Pour this water into a glass and add the salt.
  • Now dissolve the salt in warm water.
  • Swirl the water in your oral cavity for at least 30 seconds.
  • Spit it out.

How often you should do this –

Rinse with salt water thrice daily to get rid of painful canker sores.

2. Hydrogen peroxide

hydrogen peroxide home remedies of mouth ulcers

Hydrogen peroxide reduces the number of bacteria in your mouth. It also speeds up the healing of ulcers and reduces the inflammation present in the oral cavity. 

Plaque on your teeth is a layer of slimy bacteria. Hydrogen Peroxide releases oxygen in your mouth that kills the bacteria, thus maintaining your oral hygiene. It is one of the best home remedies for teeth whitening.

Ingredients you need –

  • 1 tablespoon of Hydrogen peroxide
  • ½ cup of water

What you have to do –

  • Add the water to a glass and add the hydrogen peroxide as well.
  • Mix it well.
  • Take a sip and swish it around your mouth for 30-40 seconds.
  • Spit it out.

How often you should do this –

You can use hydrogen peroxide rinse 3-4 times daily.

3. Coconut oil 

coconut oil home remedies of mouth ulcers

Coconut oil is one of the best home remedies for mouth ulcers. It has anti-inflammatory properties that calm down swelling and inflammation. It has analgesic properties that soothe the pain caused due to mouth ulcers. 

Coconut oil consists of lauric acid and capric acid that prevents the spread of bacteria and viruses. This also helps freshen your breath and protects your teeth from decay.

Ingredients you need –

  • 2 teaspoons of organic coconut oil
  • A cotton swab.

What you have to do –

  • Add the coconut oil to a bowl.
  • Now dip the cotton swab in coconut oil.
  • Apply over the ulcer.

How often you should do –

Apply 5-6 times a day to the ulcer to get rid of the mouth ulcers.

4. Chamomile tea bags

chamomile teabags home remedies of mouth ulcers

Chamomile has anti-inflammatory properties. It improves the rate of healing your mouth ulcers and soothes the pain and inflammation in your mouth. Chamomile also avoids plaque accumulation and treats gingivitis. 

Chamomile has antiseptic properties that help prevent bacteria’s growth in your mouth, keeping your oral cavity healthy.

Chamomile tea is a powerful antioxidant that also calms your mind and treats insomnia, anxiety, and depression.

Ingredients you need

  • 1 chamomile tea bag
  • 1 cup of water

What you have to do –

  • Add the water to a glass and then dip your chamomile tea bags in the water for 3 minutes.
  • Apply it to your mouth ulcer.
  • Leave it for 5 minutes.
  • Rinse your mouth.

How often you should do this –

Apply this 5 times daily to get rid of mouth ulcers.

5. Honey and turmeric

honey and turmeric home remedies of mouth ulcers

Honey and turmeric have antimicrobial properties. They remove harmful bacteria that treat inflammation. Honey soothes pain caused due to mouth ulcers. Turmeric is a natural antiseptic that helps to treat mouth ulcers.

 The combination of honey and turmeric helps your ulcer to heal faster. They prevent scarring of the tissue as well.

Ingredients you need –

  • ½ teaspoon of honey
  • ¼ teaspoon of turmeric powder

What you have to do –

  • Add the turmeric powder to a small bowl.
  • Now add honey to the bowl.
  • Mix honey and turmeric powder to make a smooth paste.
  • Apply directly to your ulcer.
  • Leave it for 3-5 minutes.
  • Wash your mouth.

How often you should do –

Apply this paste over the ulcer two times a day, till you get some relief.

6. Alum powder

alum home remedies of mouth ulcers

Alum powder is one of the most effective home remedies for mouth ulcers. It is a common ingredient in the kitchen that preserves food. It heals the ulcer due to its astringent properties. 

Alum is a mineral that contains potassium and aluminum sulfate. It is mildly antiseptic that kills disease-causing bacteria in your mouth. This keeps your teeth and your gums healthy.

Alum is also used to purify drinking water, as it helps in the sedimentation process. It enhances the shelf life of your food as well.

Ingredients you need –

  • 1 teaspoon of alum powder
  • ¼ teaspoon of water

What you have to do –

  • Add the alum powder to a small bowl.
  • Now add the water to the bowl. Mix it well to form a smooth paste.
  • Apply that paste over the ulcer.
  • Leave it for 3-5 minutes.
  • Wash your mouth.

How often you should do this –

Repeat this four times a day to get rid of mouth ulcers.

7. Rock sugar and camphor

rock sugar and camphor home remedies of mouth ulcers

Rock sugar and camphor works well to keep your mouth healthy and to treat your ulcers. Their anti-inflammatory properties ease the swelling and inflammation in your mouth. This thus helps to reduce pain and irritation in your ulcer.

Camphor is a powerful anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agent, which prevents the growth and spread of bacteria. This thus helps to keep your gums healthy and prevent your teeth from decaying.

Ingredients you need –

  • 2 teaspoons of rock sugar
  • ¼ teaspoon of camphor

What you have to do –

  • Add the rock sugar to a small grinder along with camphor.
  • Grind them together to form a smooth mixture.
  • Apply this mixture to your ulcer.
  • Leave it for 3-4 minutes.
  • Wash your mouth.

How often you should do this –

Use this 3-4 times daily for best results.

8.  Basil leaves

basil leaves home remedies of mouth ulcers

Basil leaves are known for their medicinal properties. It clears the affected area from harmful bacteria and can heal mouth ulcers effectively. It also prevents plaque accumulation. 

Basil leaves help you get rid of bad breath and maintain proper oral hygiene. They are rich in vitamin C and zinc, which improve your immunity. They also help fight against any bacterial infection and prevent the common cold or flu.

Ingredients you need –

  • 3 fresh basil leaves.

What you have to do –

  • Chew on these fresh basil leaves.
  • Drink some water after chewing them.

How often you should do this –

Chew basil leaves two times a day to get rid of painful mouth ulcers.

9. Triphala

triphala powder home remedies of mouth ulcers

Triphala is a combination of three plants. They are Indian gooseberry, black myrobalan, and belleric myrobalan. It is packed with antioxidants that help to reduce inflammation. It also helps treat gingivitis. 

Triphala prevents plaque accumulation and cures mouth ulcers. Triphala also helps improve the health of your gut

Triphala restores the healthy enzymes in your stomach, helps decrease the severity of your stomach ulcers.

Ingredients you need –

  • ¼ teaspoon of Triphala powder
  • 1 cup of water.

What you have to do –

  • Add the water to a small bowl.
  • Now add the Triphala powder into the bowl.
  • Steep it for 3-4 hours.
  • Sip the mixture and gargle with it.

How often you should do this –

You have to use this remedy twice a day for better results.

10. Apple cider vinegar 

apple cider vinegar home remedies of mouth ulcers

Apple cider vinegar is rich in antimicrobial properties, killing all the harmful bacteria and heals your mouth ulcers. The anti-inflammatory agents in the vinegar helps to calm down your swelling and pain in the ulcer.

Apple cider vinegar is a powerful antioxidant that keeps you healthy. It maintains your blood sugar level, reduces your bad cholesterol levels, and aids in weight loss as well. 

Ingredients you need –

  • 3 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar
  • ½ cup of water

What you have to do –

  • Add the apple cider vinegar to a glass.
  • Now dilute it by adding water to the glass.
  • Use it as a mouthwash.
  • Swish it in your mouth for 30 seconds.

How often you should do this –

Use this mouthwash twice a day for one week to get rid of mouth ulcers.

11. Sage Leaves

sage leaves home remedies of mouth ulcers

Sage is one of the easiest home remedies for mouth ulcers. It has antimicrobial properties and also increases the production of saliva. Natural saliva itself contains antibacterial agents that stop the growth of bacteria in your mouth. This thus helps treat and prevent mouth ulcers.

Sage is loaded with many antioxidants that reduce inflammation. It also improves the strength of your gums and bones. It freshens up your breath and increases the remineralization of teeth.

Ingredients you need –

  • 2 teaspoons of fresh sage
  • 1 cup of boiled water

What you have to do –

  • Add the water to a pan and set it aside to boil.
  • Now add the fresh sage to the water.
  • Steep it for 5 minutes.
  • Now strain the water and cool it down.
  • Swish this solution for 30 seconds in your mouth.
  • Spit it out.

How often you should do this –

Use this mouthwash thrice daily for better results.

12. Echinacea

echinacea home remedies of mouth ulcers

Echinacea reduces the recurrent ulcerations in your mouth. Its anti-inflammatory properties help reduce pain and inflammation in your mouth.

Echinacea strengthens your immune system as well. It is used to treat sore throat, flu, and the common cold. It is rich in antioxidants that reduce oxidative stress in your body. It maintains blood sugar levels in your body. 

Ingredients you need –

  • 2 teaspoons of echinacea liquid
  • ½ cup of water

What you have to do –

  • Add the echinacea liquid to a glass.
  • Dilute the liquid by adding water to the glass.
  • Take a sip and swish it around your mouth for 2 minutes.
  • Spit it out.

How often you should do this –

Use this mouthwash thrice a day to treat mouth ulcers.

13. Baking soda

baking soda home remedies of mouth ulcers

Baking soda neutralizes acidity in your mouth. It reduces inflammation and treats mouth ulcers. It helps you maintain proper oral hygiene, by clearing up all the harmful bacteria in your mouth. This prevents plaque accumulation and whitens your teeth

Baking soda is abrasive in nature and has exfoliating properties. It helps remove blackheads, dirt, and all the dead skin cells from your face. It also helps you to get rid of dry skin and sunburns. 

Ingredients you need –

  • ¼ teaspoon of baking soda
  • ⅛ teaspoon of salt
  • 1 cup of water

What you have to do –

  • Add the baking soda and salt to a glass.
  • Now add water to the glass and mix it well.
  • Take a sip and swish it around your mouth for 30 seconds.
  • Spit it out.

How often you should do this –

Use this mouthwash thrice a day for better results.

14. Fennel seeds

fennel seeds home remedies of mouth ulcers

Fennel seeds are rich in nutrients like vitamin C, magnesium, calcium, and potassium. These minerals have anti-inflammatory properties that fight against inflammation and reduce the number of microorganisms in your mouth.

Fennel seeds are loaded with lots of antioxidants like rosmarinic acid, chlorogenic acid, quercetin, and apigenin. It reduces the oxidative stress in your body and boosts your immune system.

Ingredients you need –

  • 1 teaspoon of fennel seeds.

What you have to do –

  • Add the fennel seeds to a small bowl.
  • Now chew these fennel seeds after meals.

How often you have to do this –

Use this remedy twice daily to get rid of painful ulcers.

15. Milk of magnesia

milk of magnesia home remedies of mouth ulcers

Milk of magnesia is one of the widely used home remedies for mouth ulcers. It alleviates pain caused due to mouth ulcers and speeds up the process of healing the ulcers. 

Milk of magnesia prevents repetitive ulceration and prevents irritation. It neutralizes the acid and maintains the ph of your mouth. 

Milk of magnesia acts as a mild laxative that eases constipation, reduces the number of stomach acids, and prevents heartburn or acid reflux.

Ingredients you need – 

  • ½ teaspoon of milk of magnesia powder
  • A cotton swab.

What you have to do –

  • Add the milk of magnesia powder to a bowl.
  • Now with the help of a cotton swab, apply the powder directly onto the ulcer.
  • Leave it for 30 seconds.
  • Wash your mouth.

How often you have to do this –

Use milk of magnesia thrice a day for good results.

16. Licorice powder

liquorice home remedies of mouth ulcers

Licorice has anti-inflammatory properties, that soothe irritated and inflamed mouth ulcers. Its anti-ulcer activity helps speed up the healing of your canker sores.

The anti-microbial properties of licorice help prevent the growth and spread of bacteria. This thus helps treat upper respiratory infections and ulcers. 

Licorice is also rich in antioxidant agents, that neutralize the free radicals in your body. It also helps maintain your blood sugar levels and aids in weight loss.

Ingredients you need –

  • ½ teaspoon of licorice powder
  • 1 teaspoon of honey

What you have to do –

  • Add the licorice powder to a small bowl.
  • Now add honey to the bowl. Mix it well to form a smooth paste.
  • Apply it directly to your mouth ulcers.
  • Leave it for 30 seconds.
  • Wash your mouth.

How often you have to do this –

Use this remedy twice a day to get rid of mouth ulcers.

17. Aloe vera

aloe vera home remedies of mouth ulcers

Aloe vera is one of the best home remedies for mouth ulcers. It has anti-inflammatory properties, which soothe the pain of your canker sores. It also has a cooling effect on inflammation or swelling.

Aloe vera contains salicylic acid, cinnamic acid, nitrogen, and phenols. These compounds are responsible for the antiseptic effects of aloe vera. They inhibit the growth of microorganisms, improving your oral health, and curing mouth ulcers.

Ingredients you need –

  • 1 Fresh aloe vera stem 

What you have to do –

  • Wash the fresh aloe stem.
  • Remove the thorny edges with a knife.
  • Separate the gel in a small bowl.
  • Apply it directly to the ulcer.
  • Leave it for 30 sec.
  • Wash your mouth.

How often you should do this –

Use aloe vera twice a day for better results.

How to get rid of mouth ulcers permanently

Mouth ulcers may be very common but it hurts every time. Taking few measures can avoid mouth ulcers permanently 

  • Try to avoid spicy food that aggravates mouth ulcers.
  • Try to eat yogurt regularly.
  • Avoid acidic foods in your diet.
  • Try to cope up with your stress.
  • Use a toothbrush with soft bristles.
  • Chew your food carefully to avoid accidental bites.
  • Maintain proper oral hygiene.

When to call a dentist?

Even though mouth ulcers are common, sometimes there may be an underlying reason. So you should treat and get rid of it. Here are some reasons when you should visit your dentist.

  • If your ulcers persist for more than 3 weeks.
  • If your ulcer is associated with fever.
  • If you have any ill-fitting dentures.
  • If there are many reinfections of ulcers.
  • If it is making uncomfortable to drink or eat.

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