Whether you burn your hand while handling a hot pot, or spill hot tea on your lap, burns are never a pleasant experience. They can be very painful in the beginning, emitting heat, and can irritate your skin. Minor burns damage the upper part of your skin, whereas major burns can cause damage to your muscles and bones.
The severity and the treatment of a burn are determined by the size and depth of your burn. A first-degree burn is usually a superficial burn and is the mildest of the four types. It damages only the outer layer of the skin, causing reddening and itching. A second-degree burn is a partial thickness burn that damages the upper layer of your skin as well as the lower layer of the skin. It causes pain, redness, swelling, and even blistering on your skin.
A third-degree burn is a full-thickness burn and is categorized as a major burn. It damages the deeper tissues of your skin. It results in a white or blackened, charred skin that might be numb due to excessive damage. A fourth-degree burn is the most severe burn and can affect your muscles and bones. It can damage or even destroy your nerve endings leaving the burnt area with no senses.
The third and fourth degree burns are considered medical emergencies and should not be treated at home. You should visit the hospital immediately and get your burn treated.
However, the first and second degree burns are minor injuries and do not require medical help. They are one of the most common injuries affecting at least 50 people every day. Here are some helpful natural home remedies for burns that would relieve your pain and prevent blistering of your skin.
- Raw potato
- Onion Juice
- Aloe Vera
- Indian Basil (Tulsi)
- Sesame seeds
- Egg white
- Lavender oil
- Turmeric milk
1. Raw potato
Raw potato is one of the best home remedies for burns. It has anti-inflammatory properties that calm down your swollen burn. The starch in potatoes is known to neutralize the burn and also prevent scarring of the wound. Raw potato has organic acids like oxalic and malic acids, which minimizes the chances of having blisters on your burnt wound.
You can easily prepare raw potato remedy at home. Take a medium-sized raw potato and wash it under clean water. Now peel the potato and grate it using a shredder. Place the grated potato on your burn and leave it for a few minutes. Make sure the juice of the potato is released on the affected area. Applying raw potato on the wound would help alleviate pain quickly and effectively.
2. Onion Juice
Onion juice is a helpful home remedy for burnt wounds. They are rich in antibiotic properties and clear off any infection from your wound. It improves the circulation of blood that helps the heat to exit the wound and reduces the redness in your wound. It is also an effective pain reliever. Onions also contain sulfur compounds that speed up the healing process.
You can easily prepare onion remedy for burns at home. Cut up a fresh onion and chop it into small pieces. Squeeze the pieces in a bowl to extract their juice. Apply this fresh onion juice directly on the burnt surface and keep it for at least 15 minutes. Onion juice would reduce the pain and lowers the occurrence of blisters.
Black tea is one of the most effective home remedies for burns. It is rich in tannic acid which has a protective effect on your skin. It also helps to draw heat from the burn and makes it less painful. Black tea helps reduce the inflammation in your wound and soothe down the redness of your wound.
You can easily use tea bags to treat your burns at home. Steep 2 black tea bags in warm water for 5 minutes. Remove the bags and let the water cool for a few minutes. Now soak a thin, clean muslin cloth in the water and place it on your wound. Do not press the affected area. Applying this on your freshly burnt wound would help to relieve pain almost instantly.
4. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera has been used for centuries to treat burn victims. A 2007 study shows that aloe vera works effectively to treat first and second degree burns. It has anti-inflammatory properties that soothe down the redness and burning sensation of your wound. It promotes the circulation of blood in your body. It also inhibits the growth of bacteria in your fresh wound. The astringent properties of aloe vera are known to heal the tissues. It moisturizes and soothes the irritation in your skin.
You can easily prepare an aloe vera remedy at home. Cut a small piece of fresh aloe vera leaf. Extract its gel carefully with the help of a spoon or a blunt knife. Apply this fresh gel directly on the surface of the wound. Applying this for a few minutes would help relieve itchiness and pain in your wound. If you do not have fresh aloe vera leaves you can also apply store-bought aloe. Just make sure it is organic with a high percentage of aloe vera and does not have any added ingredients.
Honey is the best home remedy for treating burn wounds faster and without scarring. It has anti-viral and anti-bacterial properties that inhibit the growth of bacteria on your wound. The anti-inflammatory properties of honey soothe down your burnt skin and reduce the redness of the skin. It treats your burns more effectively than other remedies. The anti-oxidant properties of honey help reduce the pain and the burning sensation of your wound.
You can easily prepare honey as a remedy to treat burns. Add 1 teaspoon of organic, unadulterated honey in a bowl. Now carefully apply this to your wound. Gently massage the honey and leave it for a few minutes. Applying honey on your wound would help relieve pain and prevent the scarring of your wound.
6. Indian Basil (Tulsi)
The Indian basil is an ayurvedic herb that is used to treat fresh wounds and burns. It has antiseptic properties that inhibit the growth of bacteria on the wound. According to a study conducted in 2008, Indian basil has antioxidant properties that increase the deposition of collagen in your body, helping your wound heal much faster. It also reduces the irritation and redness of your burn.
You can easily prepare Indian basil remedy at home. Wash 6 fresh Indian basil leaves with plain water. Add these leaves to a blender along with 2 tablespoons of water. Blend the leaves until a fine paste has formed. Strain the mixture in a cup using a fine-mesh strainer, pressing to release the juice from the thick paste. Apply this fresh Indian basil juice to your wound.
7. Sesame seeds
Sesame seeds are one of the most effective home remedies for burns. It has antioxidant properties that promote faster healing of the wound. Sesame seeds also have anti-inflammatory properties that calm down the burning sensation of your wound. It soothes the redness of your wound as well. Sesame seeds also help to prevent blistering and scarring of your burn wound.
You can easily prepare a sesame seed remedy for your burns. Add 1 teaspoon of sesame seeds to a blender. Now add 1 teaspoon of water to the blender and blend them to make a thick paste. Applying sesame seed paste on your fresh wound would act as an antiseptic and reduce your healing time.
Yogurt works as an amazing all-natural remedy to calm down your burn wound. It is rich in nutrients and minerals that keep your body and heart healthy. The enzymes and probiotics found in plain yogurt naturally soothe your inflamed skin. The zinc compounds found in yogurt heals up your wounds faster.
You can easily prepare a yogurt remedy for your wounds at home. Add 1 tablespoon of fresh, all-natural yogurt in a bowl. Apply a thick coat of yogurt on your wound. Keep it for at least 15 minutes before rinsing it off. Yogurt would calm the burning sensation of your wound.
9. Egg white
Egg white acts as one of the most powerful home remedies for burns. According to a study conducted in 2019, egg whites work as an amazing alternative for burn wound healing. It is rich in nutrients like zinc and protein that promotes the healing of your wound. Egg whites soothe your skin and give almost instant relief from the pain and the burning sensation. It also prevents your skin from blistering.
You can easily prepare egg white remedy for your wound at home. Break an egg with the help of a spoon and separate its white portion in a bowl. Apply the egg white on the burnt area and let it dry. Once the egg dries on your wound apply a second coat of egg white on the affected area. Applying egg white on your wound after washing it with cold water would help to relieve pain and promote healing.
10. Lavender oil
Lavender oil works best to treat damaged skin tissues. It has antiseptic and antibiotic properties that slow down the growth of bacteria on your wound and inhibits their further growth as well. It has wound healing properties that promote faster healing. Lavender oil is also rich in anti-oxidant and pain-relieving properties. It minimizes the chances of scarring and blistering of your wound.
You can easily prepare lavender oil remedy for your burn wounds. Wash off your wound with clean, cold water. Dry it with a soft cloth. Apply a thick layer of lavender oil directly on your wound. Once your skin soaks all the oil apply a second layer. Lavender oil would promote faster healing of the wound and prevents scarring.
11. Turmeric milk
Turmeric has been used for hundreds of years to reduce the healing time for wounds. It helps boost your immunity and fight any infections in your body. The anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric help reduce the inflammation of your wound and help alleviates pain. Its anti-bacterial properties inhibit the growth of bacteria on your wound. Turmeric also helps prevent cell damage caused due to burns and prevent the scarring of wounds.
You can easily prepare turmeric milk at home. Add 1 cup of milk to a pan and heat it on a medium flame for 3 minutes. Pour the milk into a glass. Now add 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder or freshly grated turmeric to the glass. Stir the milk with the help of a spoon and drink while it’s warm. Drinking turmeric milk would help heal your wound faster.
Remedies to steer clear of
Different people use different remedies to treat their burn wounds. But in that process, many remedies work totally opposite and damage your wounds. Here are a few home remedies for burns that you should steer clear of-
1. Mustard/Ketchup – Never use mustard on your burnt wound. There is no scientific proof that mustard (or any sauce for that matter) works for healing your wound. There is a good chance it will cause your skin to burn, or worsen the existing wound.
2. Ice – Cleaning your wound with moderately-cold water is a good practice. However, applying ice or washing it with ice-cold water can further damage your tissue, and can even cause frostbite.
3. Butter – applying greasy ointments or butter on your burnt wound is not such a good idea. It will slow down the release of heat from your wound causing more damage to your burnt skin.
4. Toothpaste – There is a fast-spreading myth of applying toothpaste on your burns. It may provide an instant cooling effect on your wound, but it also traps the heat inside the wound, thus damaging it further. It can also encourage the spread of bacteria into the burn.
When to see a doctor?
Burns can get uncomfortable because of the excessive burning sensation and irritation in your skin. If you have a third-degree or a fourth-degree burn you should immediately call the emergency. You should also see a doctor if it is accompanied by other symptoms like –
- Extremely painful wound
- High fever
- Charred skin
- Waxy or white-colored skin
Burning your skin is one of the most common injuries in the world. Popping pain killers for a long period can worsen your body’s immunity and might have some severe side effects. These home remedies for burns would relieve pain, prevents blistering of the skin, and help your wound to heal faster. However, do remember to not mix up different remedies with each other.
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